Cerebrospinal fluid production by the choroid plexus: a century of barrier research revisited
Research output: Contribution to journal › Review › Research › peer-review
Final published version, 1.68 MB, PDF document
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) envelops the brain and fills the central ventricles. This fluid is continuously replenished by net fluid extraction from the vasculature by the secretory action of the choroid plexus epithelium residing in each of the four ventricles. We have known about these processes for more than a century, and yet the molecular mechanisms supporting this fluid secretion remain unresolved. The choroid plexus epithelium secretes its fluid in the absence of a trans-epithelial osmotic gradient, and, in addition, has an inherent ability to secrete CSF against an osmotic gradient. This paradoxical feature is shared with other 'leaky' epithelia. The assumptions underlying the classical standing gradient hypothesis await experimental support and appear to not suffice as an explanation of CSF secretion. Here, we suggest that the elusive local hyperosmotic compartment resides within the membrane transport proteins themselves. In this manner, the battery of plasma membrane transporters expressed in choroid plexus are proposed to sustain the choroidal CSF secretion independently of the prevailing bulk osmotic gradient.
|Journal||Fluids and Barriers of the CNS|
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
- Cerebrospinal fluid, CSF, Choroid plexus, Blood-CSF-barrier, Osmotic gradients, Membrane transporters, Local osmotic forces, Transporter-mediated water transport, LATERAL INTERCELLULAR SPACES, BLOOD-BRAIN-BARRIER, ACTIVATED ADENOSINE-TRIPHOSPHATASE, VENTRICULAR CELL-MEMBRANE, K-CL COTRANSPORTERS, OSMOTIC WATER-FLOW, NA+-K+-2CL(-) COTRANSPORTER, POTASSIUM-TRANSPORT, INTERSTITIAL FLUID, TIGHT JUNCTION