In vivo multi-site electrophysiology enabled by flexible optrodes towards bi-directional spinal cord interrogation

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Optical neural interfaces combining optogenetics and electrophysiology have been demonstrated as powerful tools for distinguishing the causal roles of neural circuits in the nervous system. Functional optrodes for multipoint stimulation and recording have already been demonstrated in the brain. However, soft and flexible multimodal optrodes for the purpose of probing the spinal cord have remained undeveloped. Here, we present the design and fabrication of a novel optrode for multi-site optical stimulation and electrical recording in the spinal cord by combining optical fiber drawing of polymer material, laser micromachining, and integration of tungsten microelectrodes in a monolithic fiber-based structure. The results from space-resolved scattering measurements, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and an acute in vivo electrophysiology experiment in an anesthetized rodent suggest this probe as a potential novel interface, which can serve as a part of therapeutic strategies against neurological conditions and injury in the spinal cord.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103632
JournalOptical Fiber Technology
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2024

ID: 379869388