On the learning of addictive behavior: Sensation-seeking propensity predicts dopamine turnover in dorsal striatum
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We asked if sensation-seeking is linked to premorbid personality characteristics in patients with addictive disorders, or the characteristics follow the sensation-seeking activity. We interpreted the former as a state associated with normal rates of dopamine synthesis, and the latter as a trait of individuals with abnormally high rates of synthesis. We previously determined dopaminergic receptor density in striatum, and we now tested the hypothesis that an elevated dopaminergic condition with increased extracellular dopamine and receptor density follows increased dopamine synthesis capacity in highly sensation-seeking individuals, as measured by positron emission tomography of 18 men with tracer fluorodopa (FDOPA). We detected a site in left caudate nucleus where the volume of distribution of FDOPA-derived metabolites correlated negatively with FDOPA metabolite turnover, consistent with decreased metabolite breakdown in highly sensation-seeking subjects. High rates of sensation-seeking attenuated the dopamine turnover in association with a low rate of dopamine recycling, low dopamine oxidation, and elevated extracellular dopamine and receptors in caudate nucleus. In contrast, low rates of sensation-seeking were associated with rapid dopamine recycling, rapid dopamine oxidation, low extracellular dopamine, and low receptor density. We conclude that the modulation of dopaminergic neurotransmission associated with sensation-seeking is a state of sensation-seeking, rather than a trait of personality following abnormal regulation of dopaminergic neurotransmission.
|Journal||Brain Imaging and Behavior|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
- Neuroscience, Brain imaging, Sensation-seeking, Dopamine transmission, POSITRON-EMISSION-TOMOGRAPHY, DECARBOXYLASE ACTIVITY, PARKINSONS-DISEASE, SUBSTANCE-ABUSE, D-AMPHETAMINE, LIVING BRAIN, DRUG-ABUSE, BASE-LINE, PET, METABOLISM