Is H95 a pH-dependent gate in aquaporin 4?

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Shreyas Kaptan
  • Mette Assentoft
  • Hans Peter Schneider
  • Robert A. Fenton
  • Joachim Deitmer
  • MacAulay, Nanna
  • Bert L de Groot
Aquaporin 4 (AQP4) is a transmembrane protein from the aquaporin family and is the predominant water channel in the mammalian brain. The regulation of permeability of this protein could be of potential therapeutic use to treat various forms of damage to the nervous tissue. In this work, based on data obtained from in silico and in vitro studies, a pH sensitivity that regulates the osmotic water permeability of AQP4 is demonstrated. The results indicate that AQP4 has increased water permeability at conditions of low pH in atomistic computer simulations and experiments carried out on Xenopus oocytes expressing AQP4. With molecular dynamics simulations, this effect was traced to a histidine residue (H95) located in the cytoplasmic lumen of AQP4. A mutant form of AQP4, in which H95 was replaced with an alanine (H95A), loses sensitivity to cytoplasmic pH changes in in vitro osmotic water permeability, thereby substantiating the in silico work
Original languageEnglish
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)2309-2318
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

ID: 143668567