Induction processes in blood-brain transfer of ketone bodies during starvation.

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Fed and starved rats were studied on successive days during a 5-day starvation period. The ability of ketone bodies to pass the blood-brain barrier was estimated by single common carotid injections of labeled ketone bodies and water, and results were expressed as the ratio between the normalized activities of tracers in tissue and blood, the brain uptake index (BUI). BUI of D-3-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate decreased as their total concentrations increased in the injectate bolus: BUI of D-3-hydroxybutyrate decreased significantly from 8% at 0.2 mM to 3--4% at 20.2 mM in fed rats and from 11.5% at 0.2 mM to 6% at 20.2 mM in starved rats, indicating saturation of the uptake mechanism. The BUI of both ketone bodies increased significantly with increasing duration of starvation, indicating adaptation to ketonemia. Enzymatic kinetics explained the uptake behavior of D-3-hydroxybutyrate in both fed and starved rats and involved a rise of Km and Vmax during starvation consistent with a doubling of the transport rate at the degree of ketonemia found in starved rats. The uptake of glucose was not influenced by starvation or ketonemia.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology (Consolidated)
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)1165-9
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 1975
Externally publishedYes

ID: 14943107